What are the dump truck types? A dump truck is a type of vehicle used to transport building supplies to and from construction sites. Older dump trucks required manual unloading; however, more recent dump trucks contain hydraulic technologies that greatly simplify the procedure.
There are many different sizes and styles of dump trucks; the most common ones are described below.
11 Various Dump Truck Types
- A standard dump truck
The most common style of standard dump truck has a movable bed attached to the vehicle’s structure. There is a front steering axle and a rear steering axle. As a result, regardless of power, the vehicle can carry more weight.
The truck’s wheelbase is also relatively short, and the entire body is small, making it easy and flexible for the drivers to handle and steer. The most common vehicle utilized in the construction sector is this one. In soft soils, these dump trucks cannot function.
2. Truck Dump with Articulation
This fantastic dump truck can navigate rough terrain. There is a closed cab between the trailer and the dump truck bed. The articulated dump truck performs remarkably well in challenging driving situations.
This very large dump truck can also be used for mining, quarrying, handling small and large materials, and waste management.
- Transfer for dump trucks
This kind of dump truck, as opposed to a typical dump truck, features a separate trailer with a movable cargo container that enables it to transport more varieties of construction aggregates.
A hydraulic ram is included with this kind of truck. Furthermore, this unique truck with extra trailers can easily separate everything. It can support a lot of weight and has a ton of storage capacity. This greatly simplifies the process of moving materials from the truck to the construction site and back.
4. Pup and the Truck
A truck and pup dump truck is similar to a transfer dump truck, with the exception that the latter has a dump trailer that it tows. It can unload with its own hydraulic ram, effectively combining two dump trucks into one.
- Superdump Truck Dump
The features of this dump truck are the same as those of a typical dump truck, but it also incorporates a liftable trailing axle. This axle allows the dump truck to handle a substantial amount of weight.
The vehicle is longer than a regular dump truck because of the trailer. The trailer’s motions may be altered thanks to its lifting capacity, and the driver can easily maintain and operate the dump truck effectively.
- A semi-trailer with a dump truck attached to it
This dump truck is simple and efficient for delivering supplies to construction sites. This dump truck, with its enormous carrying capacity, is still in operation today. Two axle trailers on the semi-trailer dump truck are hydraulically operated.
On the back of the truck, they have an axle. Because it is a more effective way to unload, this kind of dump truck is perfect for the job.
- Semi-Trailer with Bottom Dump Truck
It can tow 2 or 3 axle trailers with the help of its strong 3 axle tractor. A dump gate is located in the middle of the clamshell-shaped structure’s bottom. This dumper works well for dumping goods into linear piles or windows. The main advantage of using this kind of dump truck is this.
- Double and triple-trailer bottom dump trucks
Like regular bottom dump trucks, double and triple trailer bottom dumpers have additional carrying capacity and can load a different kind of material in each trailer. On the other hand, this dump truck does not reverse, in contrast to the semi-trailer bottom. This is the biggest problem with the dump truck.
- A dump truck with a side view
This type of dump truck is frequently utilized and offers the quickest material unloading. This dump truck has a substantial capacity for loading materials and can handle a wide range of commodities.
In actuality, the term “side dump” refers to how the goods are often laid out so that they may be quickly and orderly unloaded in a continuous row. It is more effective than the majority because of one of its strongest characteristics.
It’s possible that side dump vehicles can’t carry as much weight as regular dump trucks. Security is another benefit. The longer unloading area of the side dump truck limits its use to areas with sufficient space. The side dump truck slides to the ground thanks to the hydraulic rams in its body.
- Off-Road Dump Vehicle
For mining and rock quarries, an off-road dump truck is unrivaled due to its enormous carrying capacity and traction. Because of its powerful engine and large tires, it can operate in terrain or underdeveloped areas where no other type of dump truck can.
- Winter service for a dump truck
Winterized versions often have a snowplow on the front and a mechanism, akin to a standard dump truck, at the back to spread gravel and salt grains on icy or snowy winter roadways.