Types and Uses of Heavy Machinery

These are the Types and Uses of Heavy Machinery. Building is rarely an easy task. Land must be levelled, heavy objects must be moved, and extraordinarily tall constructions must be scaled. Heavy machinery is essential on almost every site for these reasons.

There are many different types of construction machinery. Every kind has a unique set of applications and setting options. A construction company can optimize the process’ efficiency and safety by using the appropriate tools.

These types and uses of heavy machinery are some of the most common on construction sites. 

1. Excavators

Types and Uses of Heavy Construction Equipment

Excavators are a common type of large construction machinery. They are usually employed for earthmoving and excavation, as their name would imply.

Furthermore, each excavator includes a cabinet where the user sits and operates the long arm that supports the digging bucket. The entire set-up is able to revolve 360 degrees around the excavator’s center.

Wheel and track models are the most popular. Large, construction-grade equipment tires help wheel excavators move, while steel tracks are used by track variants.

2. Bulldozer

Types and Uses of Heavy Construction Equipment

Bulldozers, or simply dozers, are massive pieces of heavy machinery used to push earth and other materials about.

There are both track and wheel dozers, much like with excavators. Wheel dozers move far more quickly than their competitors but also distribute their weight across a smaller surface. Tracks tend to disturb less ground when moving and offer better grip since they distribute pressure better than tires.

3. Pavers

Types of Heavy Construction Equipment and Their Uses

For highways, bridges, parking lots, and other surfaces, these machines lay asphalt. They operate by spreading asphalt over the road’s surface after transferring it from a dump truck.

The asphalt that these machines lay down will typically receive some compaction, however not enough to make it flat. They are typically accompanied by a compactor or other device that may flatten asphalt.

4. Rollers or Compactors

Heavy Construction Equipment

These are sizable devices with a roller of some kind, such as massive steel drums or tires, on the front.

Vibratory excavators are specialized models that are used to flatten materials that have naturally occurring vacant spaces. These empty spaces could cause the ground to become unstable, which would eventually harm other structures’ foundations.

After that, any development should have a secure foundation thanks to the compressed dirt.

5. Telehandlers

Heavy Construction Equipment

Construction tools used to reach high areas include telehandlers, often referred to as telescopic handlers, teleporters, and reach forklifts.

There are several different sizes and arm lengths available for telehandlers. Any construction company should know how to choose the proper size apparatus, but choosing a telehandler is particularly crucial. It won’t be possible for one that is too little or enormous to function properly.

6. Dump Trucks

Heavy Construction Equipment

The foundation of rigid dump trucks is immovable. The cabin and truck bed of articulated dump trucks pivot. The pivot will enable an articulated vehicle to more closely adhere to the ground as it travels across uneven terrain.

Generally speaking, articulated dump trucks cost more than traditional, rigid ones. In addition, they are also much more agile and perform better on tough terrain than rigid trucks.

Various Heavy Equipment for Various Jobs

In addition, these are some of the more typical machines that you might find on a construction site.

Lastly, for best cost-effectiveness and efficiency, the majority of building sites will require a combination of the equipment on this list.