What are the heavy equipment use in construction? Every construction job needs a unique set of tools to be completed. Efficiency, safety, and build quality are all aided by using the right tools for each project. As a result, it’s crucial to have a plan with your staff and be familiar with the names of the construction equipment while choosing the equipment. While some machines are task-specific, others can be used for a variety of tasks.

Thus, if you’re interested in construction, here are 26 names of tools you should be familiar with:
1. Boom Lift

Employees are lifted off the ground and onto an aerial platform by a boom lift so they may work on a project that is higher up. One or two workers can often stand in the bucket of this construction lift. Wheels or a continuous band of treads allow the machine to be moved around. The crane that lifts the bucket is managed by a hydraulic lift mechanism.

There are two types of boom lifts: articulating and telescoping. They all belong to the “construction lift” family, nevertheless.

2. Scissor Lift
Scissor lifts are aerial work platforms that elevate personnel, much like boom lifts. Scissor lifts can be powered by an engine or by electricity. When a peaceful work atmosphere is essential, electric scissor lifts are used, but engine-powered lifts sacrifice silence for rough terrain mobility. Scissor lift operators raise the buckets using a jacking system.

3 .A forklift
Forklifts are used by operators to move objects across short distances. Items can be moved by the lift both vertically and horizontally. It is effective in warehouses and has a steering wheel and dashboard controls. For loading and unloading bulky commodities and goods, this machine is perfect.

Forklifts come in ten different varieties, each serving a specific function. For instance, in a warehouse, a reach forklift is used to “reach” boxes and other items that are extremely high up.

4. Man Lift
Construction workers are transported between floors of buildings using the man lift. Manlifts may move about building sites and normally have four wheels. These equipment, on the other hand, periodically become immobile and need to be carried on a trailer.

With the help of hydraulic pumps, the bending crane mechanism used by manlifts raises the employees’ bucket stand-in during transportation. Any project requiring access to high altitudes will benefit greatly from this construction lift.

5. telehandler
A telehandler is used when a forklift is inadequate. It can reach far higher locations and is more powerful than a forklift.

These big, bulky pieces of equipment have an extending arm for positioning loads in hard-to-reach places. The bike also has large tires, which offer it an advantage over other vehicles on off-road surfaces.

6. Bulldozer

Bulldozers are crawler-type machines with a variety of uses. This substantial tool is used to push, transport, and crush any loose materials on the job site. It comes with a metal bucket plate. The metal plate has the ability to dismantle walls and other robust structures as well as loosen compacted materials.

7. Wheel tractors with scrapers
The use of wheel tractor-scrapers for earthmoving tasks is also effective. This large piece of equipment has a back hopper that moves vertically and has a sharp edge for leveling surfaces. Moreover, the front end has a sharp edge and a carpenter’s plane that operators use to cut ground and wood. Together, the two tools fill the hopper and transport any debris that has been removed from the area.

8. Skid Steer Loader
A compact engine-powered machine called a skid-steer loader is used for a variety of jobs. Many tools can be attached to a mechanism in front of the operator’s cabin.

A skid loader is compact enough to fit into narrow locations on a construction site and can carry a range of tools, including buckets and loaders. Moreover, turning utilizing differential steering is possible because to the rigid structure (e.g., each wheel moves at a different speed, thus causing a turn).

9. Backhoe Loader
Another type of digger is a backhoe loader. The front of this multifunctional machine comprises a backhoe and a bucket. In that the operator drives, can push objects, and can scoop, it’s similar to a tractor. Due to its low profile and exceptional agility, the backhoe loader—commonly referred to as a backhoe in the industry—is more prevalent in urban settings.

10. Excavator
In a construction site, an excavator is a sizable piece of machinery used for digging and crushing materials. It consists of a metal shovel with a hydraulic boom with pointed prongs. Since the driver’s cab is located on a rotating platform, the machine is more maneuverable. The machine also has a moveable undercarriage composed of sturdy rails. Although being referred to as “power shovels,” excavators and power shovels are not the same.

11. Feller Buncher
Harvesters known as feller bunchers are employed in the logging sector. They readily travel off-road because to their normal four-wheel basis. A feller buncher gathers trees by encircling the trunk with numerous metal arms and cutting off the base with a chainsaw. The entire tree is then transported by this harvester to a gathering location where further machinery will disintegrate the foliage.

12. Harvester
The harvester, often known as a combine harvester, is used to gather grain and other crops that are similar. By merging reaping, threshing, and winnowing into a single procedure, this machine speeds agricultural undertakings. Moreover, it helps to separate straw from the crop, requiring less physical labor from the farmer. The enormous vortex roller swallows the crop and dumps the stems into a chute.
13. Trencher

Trenchers are perfect for creating lengthy, narrow ditches, channels, and other openings for underground cables and pipes. This powerful weapon has a large metal chain composed of solid steel that it can use to pull soil, boulders, and tiny roots out of the earth. There are many sizes and capacities of the wheel trencher or chain trencher, which resembles a sizable chainsaw.

  1. Flexible Hauler
    An articulated hauler is constructed with a pivot joint to facilitate movement, just like any articulated truck. Since it can support heavy loads around small curves, this joint is ideal for the majority of structural constructions. A material bucket for carrying the load and a driver control hub are also features of this dump truck. Because of their four-wheel drive, articulated haulers can access most sites in all weather.

15. Off-Road Vehicle
The off-highway truck was built by engineers to resist challenging circumstances. Large wheels and deep treads on a heavy-duty dump truck enable it to travel off-road and help mining and construction operations. Its main purpose is to transport soil or boulders from one place to another. Certain variants include multi-axle dump buckets to support even greater loads.

Asphalt pavers are specialized equipment that are ideal for paving asphalt. Asphalt is loaded into the paver from a dump truck, spread over the necessary area, and then compacted and flattened by a roller. Typically, a dump truck towing asphalt tows the paver.

16. Cold Planer
Asphalt is ground away from its original location by a cold planer. When this machine drives down an area, it picks up asphalt that has been milled and then dumped into a dump truck using a belt system.

These devices aid in both the recycling of old asphalt and the preparation of a surface for new asphalt. It’s crucial to have this machine in the right position before starting a task to ensure minimal moving when milling because it’s big and difficult to maneuver.

17. Motor Grader
Building a road requires the use of a motor grader. This enormous equipment is one of the elements used to level a dirt area so that a road can be built there. By flattening parts with a metal plate while passing over them, the grader keeps grades uniform. Typically, it has six wheels and an extended snout where users insert the metal plates for flattening.

18. Compactors,
Although there are many various types of compactors, the plate compactor is the most common. It has a vibrating base plate that flattens surfaces and crushes irregular particles. Another common type of compactor is a road rolling compactor.

For leveling roads prior to resurfacing or foundation work, road rolling compactors are excellent. In construction sites, trash compactors and hydraulic compactors are also common.

19. Drumroller
Asphalt, soil, and other loose materials are compressed using drum rollers. This device is frequently seen at sites building roads. The two types of drum rollers are smooth rollers and padfoot rollers.

Materials that are loose are statically compressed by smooth rollers, and they are vibrated to compact them. Sheepsfoot rollers, often referred to as padfoot rollers, produce manipulative force in addition to static pressure and vibration, which facilitates uniform compaction.

20. Compact and Multi-Terrain Track Loader

Compact vehicles that carry and load cargo include compact track loaders (CTL) and multi-terrain loaders (MLT). Front metal plate scoops on both machines lift and disassemble large loads.

A CTL is better for tough terrain than an MTL since it is rougher and applies much more pressure to the ground. The MTL is consequently less robust but is the norm on more fragile surfaces.

21. Skidder
Skidders are also used in logging operations. These logging tools harvest trees, transport them to a landing area, then load them onto a ship. Skidders drag logs to a loading place as opposed to forwarders, who move logs just above the ground.

22. Forwarder
The forwarder efficiently moves felled logs to a loading site during forestry operations. This vehicle, which is typically an eight-wheel truck, is ideal for traveling off-road in difficult terrain. This forestry truck has an edge over other vehicles due to its capacity to transport logs above ground. The machine’s capability also gets rid of dragging, which can harm the soil.

23. Knuckle-Boom Loader
While handling logs, the knuckle-boom loader excels. Several models are more versatile than others depending on their off-road aptitude. For instance, because knuckle-boom loaders have tracks instead of wheels or trailers, they are more versatile. The knuckle-boom loader uses a crane head to grasp a log that a forwarder delivers to a loading location and loads it into a truck.

24. Towable Light Tower
While working at night or in locations without access to natural light, a towable light tower provides lighting. This machine is typically used off-road with diesel by operators. It consists of the light tower itself and a generator that are connected by wheels.

25. Haul a deck crane
A carry deck crane is a small mobile crane with a 360-degree rotating platform. For jobs requiring the lifting of objects from various locations, this crane is ideal. The operational platform, or deck, has a steering wheel and control panel and is supported by four wheels.

We hope this has given you more direction in figuring out what tools you’ll need, whatever your project requires. You must consider efficiency and safety when selecting the tools to do your activity.

While some of these tools are more difficult to locate than others, Interstate Heavy Equipment has everything you need, from haul deck cranes to earthmoving machinery, to complete the job successfully.